Migrants to Australia who seek permanent residence have the option of applying for a subclass 176 visa, if they are unable to pass the immigration points test for independent migration. A 176 visa allows a migrant to be sponsored either by an eligible family member, or the government of an Australian state or territory.
In the case of state or territory sponsorship, governments can sponsor the residence application of a migrant, in exchange for a commitment to live in the state for at least the first two years after migrating to Australia. Each state has a list of occupations in demand that it deems eligible for sponsorship.
Victoria has been an active participant in the 176 visa scheme. The changes, effective from January 12, 2009, reflect the changing labour market in Australia’s second-most populous state.
Gone from the list are traditional occupations in demand such as teachers, accountants, and an assortment of trades. Additions to Victoria’s shortage occupation list include a host of engineering jobs, geologists, dental technicians, and social workers.
These occupations have been added to the Victoria list of occupations eligible for 176 sponsorship:
Production Manager (Mining)
Production or Plant Engineer
Civil Engineering Associate
Electrical Engineering Associate
Mechanical Engineering Associate
General Communications Tradesperson
Computing Professional NEC (Solaris, Unix, Linux, Data warehousing, .Net technologies)
These occupations have been removed from the Victoria list of occupations eligible for 176 sponsorship:
Applications and Analyst Programmer
Boat Builder and Repairer
Carpenter and Joiner
Computer Systems Auditor
Computing Professional NEC (Specializing in Sybase SQL Server)
Electrical Powerline Tradesperson
Electrician Special Class
Electronic Instrument Tradesperson (special class)
Environmental Health Officer
General Mechanical Engineering Tradesperson
Mechanical Services and Air-Conditioning Plumber
Metal Machinist 1st Class
Painter and Decorator
Pre-Primary School Teacher
Secondary School Teacher
Urban and Regional Planner
Vehicle Body Maker
Wall and Floor Tiler
It is unknown at this time what changes, if any, may be made by other Australian states.
Source : The Visa Bureau